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Population in India



India occupies only 2.4% of the world's land area but it supports over 17.5% of the world's population. India’s population is around 1.13 billion people and it comprises around one- sixth of the world population.

About 70% of the people live in more than 550,000 villages, and the remainder in more than 200 towns and cities. People of all religions, caste and language live in this country. Although 83% of the people are Hindu, India also is the home of more than 120 million Muslims--one of the world's largest Muslim populations. The population also includes Christians, Sikhs, Jains, Buddhists, and Parsis. Two other categories of India's population that are closely inspected by the national census are that of the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes.
Population:  1,147,995,895 (July, 2008 est.)
Population growth rate:  1.58% (2008 est.)
Age structure:  (2008 est.)
0-14 years 31.5% Male 189,238,485 Female 172,168,309
15-64 years 63.3% Male 374,157,583 Female 352,868,001
65 years and over 5.2% Male 28,285,798 Female 31,277,723
Sex ratio:  at birth: 1.11 male(s)/female
Under 15 years 1.2 male(s)/female
15-64 years 1.05 male(s)/female
65 years and over 0.8 male(s)/female
Total Population 1.07 male(s)/female (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate:   2.77 children born/woman (2008 est.)
Birth rate: 22.20 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death rate: 6.6 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate: -0.04 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:  (2008 est.)
Total population 69.23 years
Male 66.85 years
Female 71.8 years
HIV/AIDS: Adult prevalence rate: 0.8% (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS: People living with HIV/AIDS: 5.2 million (2001 est )
HIV/AIDS: Deaths: 310,000 (2001 est.)
Nationality:
noun Indian (s)
adjective Indian
Literacy: (definition: age 15 and over can read and write)
Total population 62%
Male 72.4%
Female 48.8% (2003 est.)
Religions:
	Hindu 80.4%
	Muslim 13.5%
	Christian 2.4%
	Sikh 1.8%, other 1.8%
	Unspecified 0.1%
 
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