Date 25 May
Madhav Kumar Nepal has become the prime minister of Nepal. Though he was defeated from two constituencies in the last year's Constituent Assembly (CA) election, he got almost 59 percent vote in Constituent Assembly during the election of PM. However, he was elected unopposed in the position of PM. United Communist Party of Nepal-Maoists (UCPN-M) boycotted the election procedure meeting saying the process of making new government is not in the basis of civilian supremacy.
On Saturday's parliamentary meeting, President of Nepali Congress, second largest party, Girija Prasad Koirala proposed him as PM. Koirala said that he is proposing Nepal as PM emphasizing on consensus, co-operation and unity. Other 22 party supported the proposal of Koirala. After the election procedure, Speaker Subash Nembang announced, "Madhav Kumar Nepal was elected unopposed for the position of prime minister."
Thinking about Mr. Nepal as PM, two contradictory factors come on my mind. Either the people who rejected him even as MP is wrong or the MPs, the peoples' representative, who choose a man, directly rejected by the people of two constituencies of Kathmandu and Rautahat, as PM. In Nepal, PM is also known as the leader of parliament. The serious question stands here is- what the election means? What does "by the people, for the people and to the people" mean?
Outgoing Prime Minister Prachanda, in his final speech to parliament on Friday, said, "It's a plotting by counter revolutionaries under the support of foreign powers."
After being elected PM, Mr. Nepal said that he will emphasize consensus to conclude the peace process. He expressed his belief that he will get support by other parties.
There are different views about Mr. Nepal as PM. Laymen say it's okay that he is now PM. Their logic is that Mr. Nepal, in his life, had a great dream of being prime minister of Nepal even for a single day. Moreover, the merciful logic is that 'he just wanted to get the title of "former PM" in his life than a successful long term prime minister. Some people say his role to the peace process of Nepal cannot be neglected. His contribution to bring the peace in Nepal deserves the post of PM. And some people say it's a great disregard of the people.
"How can a man rejected by people of two constituencies even for MP can be the PM of our country?" some ask.
In any case, Mr. Nepal has become the prime minister of Nepal. But his coming path is not without obstacles. Concluding the peace process; army integration and ultimately formulating new constitution within one year are the major challenges for him. For these three goals, there are so many obstacles in his path. The major obstacle is the largest party, United Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist (UCPN-M), now goes to opposition.
In other words, the third party of 109 seats in CA replaced the largest party having 238 seats. Moreover, Maoists has already announced that until and unless the president's move of May 4 will not be corrected, it will continue struggle from every part of country- parliament, streets etc.
Newly elected PM Nepal had previously served as a deputy prime minister in the nine-month government led by his party, CPN- UML in 1994-95. He led his party UML as general secretary 15 years from 1993 to 2008.