There are two distinct species of elephants: the African elephant and the Asian elephants. There are a number of differences between the two species - overall size, ear size, tusks and shape of the back and forehead among others.
It has been estimated that there are around 450,000 - 700,000 African elephants and 35,000 - 40,000 wild Asian elephants. African forest elephants inhabit the dense rain forests of west and central Africa while the Asian elephants are found in India, Sri Lanka, China and in many parts of Southeast Asia.
The elephants eat staples grasses, leaves, bamboo, bark, roots. They also enjoy feasting upon bananas and sugarcane.
Elephants are considered to be extremely intelligent animals and have memories that span for many years.